Tobacco is one of the substances used by many people worldwide.
Tobacco is an addictive substance, and this is the major reason why most people find it hard to stop using it.
It has several effects not only on the users, but also on the environment.
It has a lot of compounds, of which most are harmful to the body.
The compounds are toxic to the cells and most of them are carcinogenic. Below are some health effects of tobacco.
Affect blood vessels and heart
Tobacco smoke contains toxic chemicals that damage blood vessels and cells.
The damage caused predisposes your cardiovascular system to different problems. Some of these problems include coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, stroke and peripheral arterial disease.
There is also high risk of suffering from high blood pressure that can lead to hypertension and increased vulnerability of heart attack.
Effects on the respiratory system
Your respiratory system is the first body organ that gets into contact with tobacco smoke.
Studies have shown that almost 70 percent of inhaled tar settles in your lungs.
This effects the functioning of the lungs and can also lead to lung cancer.
Some of the respiratory health problems associated with smoking tobacco includes asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. There is also a high risk of getting tuberculosis as a result of tobacco smoking.
Affects the bones
Several studies have shown that tobacco smoking can lead to reduction of bone density.
This increases the risk of developing osteoporosis.
Smokers also have high risk of getting fractures on slight exertion. Among women, smoking of tobacco leads to reduction of estrogen that can lead to early menopause.
Increased cancer risk
Smoking of tobacco is one of the major causes of different types of cancer.
It is estimated that the smoke has more than sixty nine carcinogens.
Since the lungs have direct contact with the smoke, lung cancer is the major type of cancer associated with smoking. Other types of cancers include bladder cancer, pancreatic cancer, throat cancer and others.
Risk of autoimmune diseases
The immune system helps the body protect itself from diseases and infections.
Smoking tobacco puts your immune system into high risk, making smokers under high risk of suffering from respiratory infections. Smoking also leads to several autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and crohn’s disease.
Studies have also shown that smoking double the risk of getting type 2 diabetes.